The White House has stonewalled Democratic oversight requests, has refused to comply with subpoenas issued for information and is blocking former officials from testifying.
Part of the strategy is to prompt a drawn-out legal battle. But the new ruling is a second major setback.
Reading his 25-page opinion from the bench after a hearing Wednesday afternoon, Ramos said the House committees seeking Trump’s financial information have legitimate legislative purposes.
The subpoenas are broad, he said, but they are “clearly pertinent” to Congress’ work.
These subpoenas “do not constitute impermissible law enforcement activities,” he said, adding that he believes lawmakers should receive the documents quickly.
The two court cases over House subpoenas, running closely in tandem, represent a major attempt by Trump to prevent Congress from reaching his personal and business records. The House has also requested Trump’s tax returns from the IRS, and Democrats in the House and the Senate are pursuing another court case that may allow them to look into the President’s business records for signs of foreign influence.
Trump’s private legal team argues that the records requests violate his and his family’s privacy and have no legislative purpose.
This story is breaking and will be updated.
CNN’s Kevin Liptak contributed to this report.