Both judges will also continue to monitor the controversial issue, saying they will both retain jurisdiction in the case until the 2020 census results are processed.
Plaintiffs in the New York case have asked the judge for additional discovery and to consider sanctions against administration officials if the judge ultimately determines they were untruthful in recounting the motivation behind adding a citizenship question.
Changes to the census could impact the balance of power in states and the House of Representatives, which are based on total population. Census data is used for the allocation of congressional seats and the distribution of billions of federal dollars to states and localities over the next decade.
The Trump administration has claimed the citizenship question on the census questionnaire was necessary to better comply with federal voting rights law. Critics argued it was an attempt to intimidate noncitizens and Hispanic households and would lead to a decline in response rates and underrepresentation of minorities.